1. Sumqayit, Azerbaijan— According to the Blacksmith Institute’s (an environmental health organization based in New York City) list of the world’s most polluted sites, Sumqayit, Azerbaijan proved to be the most doubtful area. Nevertheless, since its existence as a center of chemical production, this city is an added inheritor to the toxic legacy of Soviet industry, bearing 2, 75,000 heavy metal, oil, and chemical contamination. Consequently, cancer rates suffered by locals are 22 to 51 percent more than their countrymen, and genetic defects suffered by their children vary from mental retardation to bone disease.
Richard Fuller, founder of Blacksmith proclaims, “To the extent that 120,000 tons of harmful emissions were released yearly, which includes mercury too.” “Massive unprocessed dumps of industrial sludge are present.”
2. Chernobyl, Ukraine— Squabble from the world’s nastiest nuclear power accident continues to mount up distressing as many as 5.5 million people and leading to a spiky rise in thyroid cancer. The economic prospects of neighboring areas and nations is been shattered by this incident.
5. Norilsk, Russia— Fuller said, “There is no living piece of grass or shrub within 30 kilometers of the city,” Pollution caused by heavy metals is found so far as 60 kilometers away. A number of the planet’s worst smog and the world’s largest metal-smelting complex are contained in this city which is above the Arctic Circle.
3. DzerzHinsk, Russia — As the waste is being injected straightforwardly into the ground 300,000 residents of this hub of cold war chemical manufacturing have one of the lowest life expectancies in the earth (should be “world” instead of earth). “Stephan Robinson, a director at Green Cross Switzerland, an environmental group that collaborated on the report declared that average life anticipated here is approximately forty five years,” which is 15 to 20 years less than an average Russian and about half a Westerner’s life.
4. La Oroya, Peru—it is one of the main heavily contaminated because of extensive lead, copper and zinc mining by the U.S.–based Doe Run mining company, even though this is one of the smallest communities on the list with just 35,000 inhabitants.
7. Sukinda, India— is abode of more than 2.6 million citizens and world’s biggest chromite mines (chromite makes steel stainless, among other uses). As 30 million tons of waste rock lines the Brahmani River, the waters of this valley contain carcinogenic hexavalent chromium compounds.
10. Vapi, India—This town which is in the state of Gujarat at the end of India’s industrial belt, accommodates the dumped leftover waste of petrochemicals, pesticides, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals including more than thousand manufacturers. David Hanrahan, Blacksmith’s London-based director of global operations said that “The companies treat wastewater and get most of the muck out,” “But there’s nowhere to put the muck, so it ends up getting dumped.
9. Kabwe, Zambia— Until 1994, this southern African country which is the second largest city was dwelling to be one of the world’s largest lead smelters. Consequently, this can cause brain and nerve damage in children and fetuses as the whole city is infected with the heavy metal.
6. Linfen, China— Linfen is a city in the heart of China’s coal region in Shanxi Province. Three million inhabitants staying here drink arsenic that leaches from the fossil fuel and are suffocated by dust and air contamination.
8. Tianying, China— this town which is the center of Chinese lead production and 160,000 inhabitants has 8.5 to 10 times more of lead concentrations in its air and soil than those of the national health standards. Besides the concentration of lead dusting, the local crops are 24 times higher.
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